Last month at IDF, Intel unveiled a new chip line up. Called the Quark, it is the smallest and least powerful chip currently made by Intel, though you should not count it out yet. At the time there were no announcements of products using Quark chips, but now it seems that Intel has made a rather unexpected collaboration. At Maker Faire Rome, Brian Krzanich, Intel's CEO, announced a new collaboration between Intel and Arduino.
This collaboration has already amounted in a product called the Galileo, which is supposed to allow DIY folks to make even more complex and intricate projects. Previous Arduino boards have used simple microcontrollers to handle various inputs coming from sensors, USB or some specific Arduino connectors. The problem with these microcontrollers is that they do not offer much connectivity and they have limited processing power. Arduino has also offered so called "shields" that connect to the Arduino board adding additional I/O options. While the simplicity has been a blessing to the DIY crowd, because it allowed novices to get involved as well, it might now be a limitation for some of the more dedicated and demanding users. Therefore the new Galileo might allow those advanced users to build even more complex robots and other demanding projects.
The Galileo reference board will, as mentioned above, use the Quark SoC, which has about the same computing power as a Pentium 3. This also means that the user can now utilize x86 applications. Furthermore, the board will have the known Arduino connectors for compatibility with shields; however, it will also feature USB, 100 Mbps Ethernet, micro SD, RS-232, and a mini-PCI-Express slot.
The price will be around $60 or less, which makes it very competitive with other Arduino boards, since it has more features and more processing power, while costing about the same as the other boards. It is scheduled for release on November 29.
Source: Ars Technica