If it were not for the properties of silicon, modern computers would be nothing like they are or may not even exist in households. Despite that though, researchers are looking to replace it with other materials in computers, because some of these other materials have their own special properties. Now researchers at Penn State have discovered a new material that could greatly impact the future of non-silicon-based electronic devices.
Researchers across the world are working on non-silicon materials to replace the ubiquitous semiconductor that will also bring special properties such act as memory and perform logic operations. The Penn researchers have recently discovered a material that can enhance the binary-states of these non-silicon materials by as much as 10,000%. This dramatic increase in polarization between a 0 and 1 state could greatly improve the performance of non-silicon electronics as it will reduce memory errors, which in turn allows the device to operate faster.
The researchers are also looking to develop this further to create devices with more than two states. Potentially a quaternary-state device could be made that would switch between 1, 2, 3, and 4 instead of just 0 and 1.
Source: Penn State