Catalysts are a very important tool in many areas of science. What a catalyst does is give a reaction an easier path to take. Imagine riding a bike and you come to a large hill you may not have the energy to ride up. A catalyst will make the one large hill multiple smaller hills, which you are confident you can overcome. Researchers at the University of Utah have discovered the size and electronic properties of catalysts are related to how well the catalyst functions, something many researchers thought was not true. This opens the door to more easily designed catalysts for industrial and commercial uses. Already the team demonstrated the ability to predict the optimal catalyst for a reaction.